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You'll find on this page informations about the biggest charities organisations around in the world and that have a to deal with ambulance and emergency médical service.
Vous trouverez sur cette page des informations sur les plus grandes organisations caritatives présentes à travers le monde et participant aux services de secours.
RED CROSS & RED CRESCENT
ST JOHN AMBULANCE
ORDER OF MALTA
CROIX-ROUGE et CROISSANT ROUGE
( RED CROSS and RED CRESCENT)
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement comprises the following:
- The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
- The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, and
- More than 181 member Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies worldwide.
The Movement has its own web site, with detailed sections on the history of the Movement, the emblem issue, the International Conference, and Red Cross Red Crescent magazine online.
The Strategy for the Movement was adopted in 2001 and aims to strengthen the Movement's ability to reach vulnerable people with effective humanitarian action. It outlines objectives and expected results as to how the ICRC, the Federation and National Societies worldwide can all work together. It is available online (PDF file, 690kb, 39 pages, with links in the "Contents" section).
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is an impartial, neutral and independent organization whose exclusively humanitarian mission is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of war and internal violence and to provide them with assistance. It directs and coordinates the international relief activities conducted by the Movement in situations of conflict. It also endeavours to prevent suffering by promoting and strengthening humanitarian law and universal humanitarian principles. Established in 1863, the ICRC is at the origin of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies works on the basis of the Principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement to inspire, facilitate and promote all humanitarian activities carried out by its member National Societies to improve the situation of the most vulnerable people. Founded in 1919, the Federation directs and coordinates international assistance of the Movement to victims of natural and technological disasters, to refugees and in health emergencies. It acts as the official representative of its member Societies in the international field. It promotes cooperation between National Societies, and works to strengthen their capacity to carry out effective disaster preparedness, health and social programmes.
National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies embody the work and principles of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement in 181 countries. National Societies act as auxiliaries to the public authorities of their own countries in the humanitarian field and provide a range of services including disaster relief, health and social programmes. During wartime, National Societies assist the affected civilian population and support the army medical services where appropriate.
The ICRC, the Federation and the National Societies are independent bodies. Each has its own individual status and exercises no authority over the others.
The bodies of the Movement are:
- The International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent
- The Council of Delegates of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
- The Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent.
The International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent includes delegations from: the National Societies; the ICRC; the Federation; and States party to the Geneva Conventions, at present numbering 188. Normally it is held every four years. Each of these delegations shall have a single vote.
The Council of Delegates includes delegations from: the National Societies; the ICRC; and the International Federation. The Council of Delegates is the meeting of the components of the Movement. It meets on the occasion of each International Conference and, in principle, on the occasion of each General Assembly of the Federation.
The Standing Commission consists of nine members: five members elected by the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent; two representatives from the ICRC, one of whom shall be the President; two representatives from the International Federation, one of whom shall be the President. In general it meets every six months.
In each country all over the world, you will be able to find a red cross or red crescent society, each society is different and independant. The Samiritains (or ASB) is also a swiss organisation who's coming from the red cross.
AMBULANCE SAINT JEAN
( St JOHNS AMBULANCE)
St. John Ambulance is an international charity, based in England, dedicated to the teaching and practice of medical first aid. There are many groups (priories) across different countries, and the collective falls under the direction of the Order of St. John. The order's mottoes are Pro fide (For the faith) and Pro utilitate hominum (For the service of mankind).
The name "St. John Ambulance"
Members are sometimes asked by the public whether "St. John" was a real person and why he had an ambulance! In its modern guise, the "St. John" prefix refers to the Order of St. John rather than a specific individual and is used as an adjective. However, it is often assumed to be used as a noun, and this leads to the organisation being frequently incorrectly termed "St. John's Ambulance", a long standing source of irritation to some members. This is further perpetuated since members on duty are often referred to collectively as "St. John's".
In terms of the Order, the original allegiance was to John the Baptist, however this allegiance is not inherited by St. John Ambulance.
International structure of the organisation
Falling under the direction of the Order of St. John, St. John Ambulance mirrors the structure of the Order. The Order is divided internationally into Priories, reflecting the monastic history of the original Knights Hospitaller. However, these modern priories are not monastic in nature and are used purely as terminology within the organisation. At present, the following priories exist worldwide
The Priory of England and the Islands is the home priory of the Order, and any country which does not belong to its own dedicated priory is assumed into this home priory. Most of these are small commonwealth islands or countries where there is only a minor presence.
That said, the relationship between the Order of St. John and St. John Ambulance is not directly paralleled. Most members of St. John Ambulance are not themselves members of the Order and vice versa, so a major presence of the Order does not dictate a major presence of St. John Ambulance. Most notably, the Order of St. John is a Christian organisation, whereas St. John Ambulance is keen to ensure there is no allegiance to any particular religion or denomination, so as to remain available to all. This explains somewhat why a breakdown into Priories may not be tantamount to a breakdown of St. John Ambulance. St. John Ambulance works on a more geographical nature than the Order, and has to contend with the differing national laws, medical practices and cultures of countries.
St. John Ambulance is a ranked organisation, and members fall into a hierarchical structure of command. St. John Ambulance ranks run from Brigade Member, through Corporals, Sergeants and Officers all the way up to high national ranks. Ranks vary between Priories, however, and it is hard to generalise the structure too much from an international perspective.
St. John Ambulance in England and Wales
Saint John Ambulance ambulance, in a London street
St. John Ambulance was originally divided into two fields, teaching first-aid to workplace employees via the St. John Ambulance Association, and providing uniformed medical volunteers to cover public duties via the St. John Ambulance Brigade. However, these two entities merged in 1968 to form a single unified St. John Ambulance, providing both training and first-aid cover.
Within the English priory, the organisation is broken down into Counties. The boundaries and areas of these Counties are determined by the organisation itself rather than strictly adhering to national borders. These are further subdivided into Areas (if the county is big enough to warrant it), and from there into Divisions, of which members join.
Within England, the ranked nature of the organisation has been reviewed in recent years. It was felt inappropriate that members who held high rank but low clinical qualification were able to hold authority over doctors and other healthcare professionals with little or no rank. As such, a move away from rank towards clinical governance has taken place, and whilst rank has been retained, it has taken a back step into a more ceremonial nature. Since the St. John Ambulance Brigade as a title ceased usage in 1968, the lowest rank has been changed to just "Member" or "St. John Ambulance Member".
Additionally, the voluntary nature of the organisation makes strict observance of military rank difficult. These days, first names are generally used by those of all ranks, and formal titles such as 'Sir' are seldom heard. Similarly, members can still receive basic drill instruction, and parade is occasionally used for formal occasions with saluting, marching and falling in and out of order. Unlike a military organisation, however, this is largely regarded as eye candy for the public than to instill strict obedience.
Training and skills
Most members are volunteers, and complete a number of medical qualifications, ranging from a basic Emergency First aid course and the First Aid At Work (FAW) course recognised by the HSE, through to advanced Emergency Ambulance Attendant training which covers many of the competancies of the National Health Service Ambulance Technicians. Members are also required to attend Manual Handling and Casualty Handling courses run by the organisation before being permitted to attend public duties. Once qualified, they are free to volunteer their time in public duty, covering a variety of public events such as major football matches, concerts and gigs, smaller community events such as 'fun days', and even (qualifications permitting) crewing of emergency ambulances. As a rule they are not paid for their time on duty, although expenses are met whenever possible.
Beyond these, members can train in additional medical skills, such as administration of medical gases, and use of an Automated external defibrillator. For those wishing to go further still, the organisation runs two internal qualification courses known as Ambulance Aid levels 1 and 2. These build upon the first-aid skills with additional skills required for ambulance crewing. Those attaining the first level are allowed to crew St. John vehicles and perform patient transport duties (PTS). Those attaining the second level are additionally called upon to crew emergency ambulances as necessary. Training of the Ambulance Aid courses (especially the second) are sometimes undertaken or supplemented by the NHS Ambulance Services.
St. John Ambulance owns a large number of flexible ambulances and transportation vehicles for PTS (Patient Transport Services) and emergency use. The recently designed Mark-4 Crusader is a highly versatile and professional blue-light emergency ambulance based on the Renault Master, which can be used in many situations by ambulance qualified members.
St. John Ambulance also runs courses for external individuals, in a variety of different skills and medical issues. The FAW (First-Aid At Work) course is used by many companies to train designated individuals as first-aiders, as required by employment laws. St. John Ambulance volunteers provide support to the busy NHS Ambulance Services in some areas of England, responding to 999 calls at busy times, and assisting the statutory emergency services during times of major incident.
During 2004 St. John Ambulance volunteers in England helped over 128,000 patients, and the fleet of around 1,300 vehicles travelled over 900,000 miles supporting St. John Ambulance's First Aid and care work.
St. John Ambulance in Canada
In Canada, St. John Ambulance (SJA) has become a very well known organization and today is the most successful non-profit first aid training organization, world wide. In Canada, SJA is divided into two major groups, the Branch and the Brigade.
The Branch focuses on training the general public and depending on the province, offers courses from Emergency First Aid to the level of Emergency Medical Responder or First Responder, the first level of advanced medical care.
The Brigade in Canada is very similar to that in England, we bear very much the same uniform and are trained to what is known to be the Brigade Training System (BTS). A new program in Canada, however, is changing this. The Medical First Responder (MFR) is an advanced level of first aid, allowing members to perform first aid individually and giving them more advanced skills to better serve the public.
Youth in SJA Canada are a very important part of the organization as well. The proficiency program allows youth members to gain the Grand Prior's award, as well as work toward the Duke of Edinburgh's Award. The program is designed to meet the requirements of the Grand Prior's Award, and also give youth valuable life skills. In addition to this, youth members are given the opportunity to perform community service and patient care, provided that they are supervised by adult members and hold a valid Emergency First Aid certificate or higher.
In times of emergency, SJA Canada is on standby, waiting to provide Disaster Relief and Emergency services to the area. Exactly what procedure is taken greatly depends on what area a division or member resides in and varies due to training and availability or supplies and equipment.
St. John Ambulance in New Zealand
A branch of the St John Ambulance was first founded in Christchurch, New Zealand in 1885. Branches quickly spread across the country providing first aid and patient transport and in 1945, due to the efforts of St John in New Zealand during the Second World War, the organisation was elevated to a full Priory, with the Governer-General of New Zealand as the Prior.
During the 1970s and 1980s much restructuring took place in response to changing social and economic conditions, moving away from the traditional militaristic structure and resulting in the current modern organisation.
Today, St John New Zealand is a major health service provider in New Zealand. They provide around 85% of the emergency and non-emergency ambulance cover for the New Zealand population, emergency care and first aid at public events, support phonelines for the elderly and house-bound, hospital patient transport, public first aid training, health products and a successful youth programme.
St. John Ambulance Australia
Main article: St. John Ambulance Australia
On the 13 June 1883 a public meeting was held in the Melbourne Town Hall to form a local branch of the association. By the end of June, a centre had been established under the leadership of Dr Edward Neild. The first Australian division of the St. John Ambulance Brigade was constituated at Glebe, Sydney 1903. In 1987, the organisation adopted a single public title, 'St. John Ambulance Australia'.
Hong Kong St. John Ambulance
Hong Kong St. John Ambulance has been serving the community since 1884. It is dedicated to provide first aid and ambulance services in emergency, dental care for the handicapped, and courses of instructions on first aid and home nursing for the general public.
ORDRE DE MALTE
(ORDER OF MALTER)
INTERNATIONAL HOSPITALLER COMMITTEE
OF THE ORDER OF MALTA
The International Hospitaller Committee of the Order of Malta coordinates the international activites of the Order’s national bodies.
Its mission is to promote the international activies of the Order and the identity of those of its institutions which operate at the international level, in accordance with the Order’s mission.
It is presided over by the Grand Hospitaller of the Order of Malta and has its headquarters in the Magistral Palace in Rome.
Malteser International is the Order of Malta’s international relief organisation for medical and humanitarian aid. Its worldwide operations include emergency medical interventions, long term reconstruction and development programmes.
Since June 2005, Malteser International as replaced ECOM (Emergency Corps of the Order of Malta). It has a new administrative structure, and a long experience in humanitarian operations such as the Kosovo emergency of 1999, after the Bam earthquake in Iran (2004), after the tsunami which struck south-east Asia in December 2004.
Interventions in recent years include the Honduras after hurricane Mitch (1998/9), in Kosovo (1999/2000), in Peru after the earthquake of 2001, help for victims of the volcano in Goma in Congo (2002), the floods in the Czech Republic (2002) and in Afghanistan (2002/2005). Other medical and welfare operations have been carried out in Zimbabwe and Angola (2002) and in Iraq (2002/2003).
There are 16 Order of Malta Associations belonging to Malteser International: Austra, Belgium, Bohemia, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Switzerland and the three Associations in the United States of American.
Malteser International currently runs missions in 35 countries. It has its headquarters in Cologne, Germany.
CIOMAL, INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE ORDER OF MALTA
CIOMAL, the International Committee of the Order of Malta, was created in 1958 and for over 40 years has been fighting the scourge of leprosy and those marginalised by society as a result of having the disease.
In 1999 CIOMAL’s mission was extended to ‘the fight against any type of disease or disability that causes ostracism’. CIOMAL’s most recent programmes have been focused on mothers and children in the developing world who are suffering from AIDS.
CIOMAL’s two major current projects are in Cambodia and Senegal. Today, due to the availability of new medical treatments, important results have been achieved in the battle against the disease. Leprosy will eventually disappear as a life-threatening illness, but in the meantime, we continue to offer medical care to sufferers in the countries at risk.
CIOMAL, which has headquarters in Geneva, is affiliated to the International Federation of Anti-Leprosy Associations (ILEP) and collaborates with the World Health Organisation
In fact, the St John's ambulance and the Order of Malteser have the same origins, St john's ambulance is present in Canada, England, China, Australia, (englispeaking countries) and the order is present in France, Germany, Austria, Belgium (germanspeaking countries).